As part of the “Battle of Åland” campaign in the Crimean War (1853-1855), Britain and France sought to obstruct Russia’s foreign trade and force Russia to accept peace.
The intention was to render the Russian
Navy in the Baltic Sea obsolete by destroying the coastal
defence fortresses, vessels and storehouses that Russia
used in foreign trade. As most of the merchant ships
sailing under the Russian flag at that time were based in
Finland, most of the damage ended up being inflected
on Finnish property.